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Additional problems associated with crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis

About 36% of patients will experience at least one non-intestinal inflammatory problem. Most of these problems resolve over time and with treatment, although others continue independent of IBD outcomes. Below is a summary of these non-intestinal inflammatory problems.

Oral problems

Oral lesions

Definition

Bumps, ulcers of sores inside the mouth.

Clinical Features

Mouth or tongue pain, mouth or tongue swelling, redness, mouth ulcers, oral sores, or bleeding inside the mouth.

Musculoskeletal problems

Arthritis and Arthralgias

Definition

Disease affecting the joints.

Clinical Features

Joint pain and swelling, decreased range of motion, inflammation is often asymmetrical. Typically in a single large joint.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Definition

Arthritis that targets the joints of the spine, particularly the sacroiliac (SI) joint where the spine attaches to the pelvis.

Clinical Features

Back pain, progressive stiffness of the spine, decreased mobility.

Skin problems

Erythema Nodosum

Definition

Inflammation of fat cells under the skin.

Clinical Features

Reddish, painful, tender nodules usually located on shins, ankles and knees.

Pyoderma gangrenosum

Definition

Rare skin condition.

Clinical Features

Purplish nodules and pustules that tend to coalesce and form ulcers.

Eye problems

Episcleritis

Definition

Irritations and inflammation of the eye.

Clinical Features

Pink of purple color to normally white part of the eye, eye pain, tenderness.

Uveitis

Definition

Inflammation of the eye.

Clinical Features

Blurred vision, floaters, eye pain, redness of the eye, sensitivity to light.

Liver problems

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

Definition

Chronic liver disease caused by progressive inflammation and scarring of the bile ducts.

Clinical Features

Fatigue, jaundice, malabsorption, dark urine.

Blood problems

Anaemia

Definition

Abnormally low amount of red blood cells.

Clinical Features

Fatigue, general malaise, shortness of breath pale skin.

Thrombocytosis

Definition

High platelets in the blood.

Clinical Features

Increased bleeding tendency

Lung problems

Lung disease

Definition

Disease where the lung function is impaired.

Clinical Features

Unexplained, persistent, chronic cough.

Renal and urinary tract disease

Amyloidosis

Definition

A condition where proteins with diverse chemical composition are extracellularly deposited as fibrils in the brain, heart, kidney, liver, pancreas, nerves, and other tissues or organs resulting in their serious dysfunctions.

Clinical Features

Vary depending on the organ affected.




MORE LINKS

If you are interested in other gastrointestinal-focused information and intervention websites developed and hosted at
Swinburne University of Technology,
please go to:

IBSclinic.org.au for individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Gastroparesisclinic.org for individuals with Gastroparesis

DISCLAIMER

This website and its content is not intended or recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions.

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